Temporary state

Temporary states in Lowcoder are a powerful feature used to manage complex variables that dynamically update the state of components in your application. These states act as intermediary or transient storage for data that can change over time due to user interactions or other processes.

In Lowcoder, temporary states are particularly useful when dealing with scenarios where the state of a component needs to be updated based on user input or other dynamic conditions. By binding these states to components using Handlebars syntax, you can create highly interactive and responsive user interfaces.

Here's a brief overview of how temporary states work in Lowcoder:

  1. Definition and Initialization: Temporary states are defined within the Lowcoder environment. They are initialized with a default value, which can be a simple data type like a string or number, or more complex objects and arrays.

  2. Binding to Components: These states are then bound to UI components using Handlebars syntax. For example, {{tempState}} would bind the value of tempState to a component. This binding ensures that any changes to the temporary state are immediately reflected in the component.

  3. Dynamic Updates: As users interact with the application, actions such as clicking a button, entering text, or selecting an option from a dropdown can trigger updates to these temporary states. This could be as simple as updating a text value or as complex as altering an array or object structure.

  4. Reactivity: The key advantage of using temporary states is their reactivity. When a temporary state changes, all components bound to that state automatically update to reflect the new value. This reactivity is crucial for creating dynamic and fluid user experiences.

  5. Use Cases: Common use cases for temporary states include form input handling, visibility toggling of UI elements, temporary storage of user selections, and managing the state of interactive elements like accordions, tabs, and modals.

  6. Lifecycle: Temporary states in Lowcoder are typically short-lived. They exist for the duration of a specific task or user interaction and do not persist across different sessions or page reloads, unlike more permanent state management solutions.

By leveraging temporary states, Lowcoder allows developers to build complex, state-driven applications with ease, ensuring that the UI stays consistent with the underlying application state and providing a seamless experience for the end-user.

Use case scenarios

Temporary states may help in the following scenarios:

  • To track the temporary values of a variable when the user interacts with your app.

  • To store your data only in operation without persisting to a database.

  • To function as a temporary property when built-in properties in Lowcoder (such as {{table.selectedRow}} and {{select.value}}) do not support your use case.

To store and access data across apps in your workspace, use localStorage instead.

Create a temporary state

Click + New and select Temporary state in query editor.

You can rename the temporary state and set an initial value.

Set state values

Temporary state offers setValue() and setIn() methods to set or change its value, which can be called in JavaScript queries.

Use setValue() to change the value directly.

//state.setValue(value: any)

When the initial value of a temporary state is an object, use setIn() to change the value in a specified path.

// initial value of state2 as follows:
    girl: {
        name: "Lucy",
        age: 18,
        city: {
            name: "New York"
     boy: {
         name: "Bob",
         age: 21,
         city: {
             name: "Los Angeles"
//To change the value in a specified path
//state.setIn(path, any value)
//path: an array of keys or indexes. Only the last item in the path will be changed.

// To set value array value, you can use 
// init value = ["hello", "world"]
state2.setIn([1],"foo") // this will result to ["hello", "foo"]

You can also call these two methods in event handlers. Select Set temporary state as the action and choose method on demand.

Example: Increment counter

In this example, the counter tracks the number of button clicks. Every time the user clicks the button, the number in the text component increases by one.

Build an increment counter in following steps:

  1. Add a button component button1 and a text component text1.

  2. Create a temporary state state1, set its initial value as 0. Bind {{state1.value}} as the display text of text1.

  3. Add an event handler for button1. Select the action Set temporary state and the method setValue, and then set {{state1.value+1}} as the value.

  4. Click the button, you can see the value of text1 increases by one each time you click.

You can also achieve the same result using JavaScript queries:

  1. Add a new query, select Run JavaScript code.

  2. Write JavaScript query with this code, and set it to be manually invoked: state1.setValue(state1.value + 1)

  3. Add an event handler of button1 to run query1.

Now click the Increment counter button, you should see the same result as above.

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